Alexander Evgenievich Jacovleff (1887 - 12 May 1938) was a Russian neo-classicist painter. He traveled to Mongolia, China and Japan (1917–1919). Subsequently he settled in Paris and obtained French Citizenship. Between 1924 and 1925 he took part in an expedition to the Sahara desert and Equatorial Africa organized by Citroën (Croisi-24re Noire). His African paintings were a big success and as a result Jacovleff was awarded the Legion of Honor by the French government in 1926. In 1928, Jacovleff organized a large personal exhibition in Moscow.